SpringMVC偷懒笔记(配置文件,拷贝可用)

Jammm
2020-06-30 / 0 评论 / 251 阅读 / 正在检测是否收录...

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SpringMVC笔记


1、项目总成配置文件

1、applicationContext.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">


    <import resource="classpath:spring-dao.xml"/>
    <import resource="classpath:spring-service.xml"/>
    <import resource="classpath:spring-mvc.xml"/>


</beans>

2、db.properties

jdbc.driver=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/ssmbuild?userSSL=true&useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=UTF-8
jdbc.username=root
jdbc.password=1234

3、mybatis-config.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE configuration
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration>


    <typeAliases>
        <package name="com.jam.pojo"/>
    </typeAliases>

    <mappers>
        <mapper class="com.jam.dao.BookMapper"/>
    </mappers>

</configuration>

4、spring-dao.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
       https://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">



    <!--关联数据库配置文件-->
    <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:db.properties"/>

    <!--连接池
        dbcp:半自动化,不能自动连接
        c3p0:自动化(自动加载配置文件,建议自动设置到对象中)
        druid:
        hikari:
    -->
    <bean id="dataSource" class="com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource">
        <property name="driverClass" value="${jdbc.driver}"/>
        <property name="jdbcUrl" value="${jdbc.url}"/>
        <property name="user" value="${jdbc.username}"/>
        <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}"/>

        <!-- c3p0连接池的私有属性 -->
        <property name="maxPoolSize" value="30"/>
        <property name="minPoolSize" value="10"/>
        <!-- 关闭连接后不自动commit -->
        <property name="autoCommitOnClose" value="false"/>
        <!-- 获取连接超时时间 -->
        <property name="checkoutTimeout" value="10000"/>
        <!-- 当获取连接失败重试次数 -->
        <property name="acquireRetryAttempts" value="2"/>
    </bean>

    <!--SqlSessionFactory-->
    <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
        <!--绑定Mybatis的配置文件-->
        <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:mybatis-config.xml"/>
    </bean>

    <!--配置dao接口扫描包,动态的实现了Dao解耦可以注入到Spring中-->
    <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
        <!-- 注入sqlSessionFactory -->
        <property name="sqlSessionFactoryBeanName" value="sqlSessionFactory"/>
        <!-- 给出需要扫描Dao接口包 -->
        <property name="basePackage" value="com.jam.dao"/>
    </bean>

</beans>

5、spring-mvc.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
       https://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">


    <!--注解驱动-->
    <mvc:annotation-driven/>

    <!--静态资源过滤-->
    <mvc:default-servlet-handler/>

    <!--扫描包:controller-->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.jam.controller"/>

    <!--视图解析器-->
    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/"/>
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"/>
    </bean>

</beans>

6、spring-service.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/context https://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">


    <!--扫描Service下的包-->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.jam.service"/>

    <!--将我们的所有业务类注入到Spring,可以通过配置或者注解实现-->
    <bean id="BookServiceImpl" class="com.jam.service.BookServiceImpl">
        <property name="bookMapper" ref="bookMapper"/>
    </bean>

    <!--声明式事务配置-->
    <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <!--注入数据源-->
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
    </bean>

    <!--aop事务支持-->

</beans>

2、资源过滤

在pom.xml的加入

<!-- build中配置resources,来防止我们资源导出失败的问题 -->
    <build>
        <resources>
            <resource>
                <directory>src/main/java</directory>
                <includes>
                    <include>**/*.xml</include>
                    <include>**/*.properties</include>
                </includes>
            </resource>
            <resource>
                <directory>src/main/resources</directory>
                <includes>
                    <include>**/*.xml</include>
                    <include>**/*.properties</include>
                </includes>
            </resource>
        </resources>
    </build>

3、乱码问题

3.1、过滤器写法

新建filter包,新建EncodingFilter.java

public class EncodingFilter implements Filter {
    public void init(FilterConfig filterConfig) throws ServletException {

    }

    public void doFilter(ServletRequest servletRequest, ServletResponse servletResponse, FilterChain filterChain) throws IOException, ServletException {
        servletRequest.setCharacterEncoding("utf-8");
        servletResponse.setCharacterEncoding("utf-8");

        filterChain.doFilter(servletRequest,servletResponse);
    }

    public void destroy() {

    }
}

在web.xml中配置过滤器

<!--过滤器解决乱码问题-->
<filter>
    <filter-name>encoding</filter-name>
    <filter-class>com.jam.filter.EncodingFilter</filter-class>
</filter>
<filter-mapping>
    <filter-name>encoding</filter-name>
    <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
</filter-mapping>

3.2、SpringMVC内置

将下面代码在Web.xml中配置

<filter>
   <filter-name>encoding</filter-name>
   <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
   <init-param>
       <param-name>encoding</param-name>
       <param-value>utf-8</param-value>
   </init-param>
   <init-param>
       <param-name>forceEncoding</param-name>
       <param-value>true</param-value>
   </init-param>
</filter>
<filter-mapping>
   <filter-name>encoding</filter-name>
   <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
</filter-mapping>

3.3、终极解决方案

import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequestWrapper;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.util.Map;

/**
* 解决get和post请求 全部乱码的过滤器
*/
public class GenericEncodingFilter implements Filter {

   @Override
   public void destroy() {
  }

   @Override
   public void doFilter(ServletRequest request, ServletResponse response, FilterChain chain) throws IOException, ServletException {
       //处理response的字符编码
       HttpServletResponse myResponse=(HttpServletResponse) response;
       myResponse.setContentType("text/html;charset=UTF-8");

       // 转型为与协议相关对象
       HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest = (HttpServletRequest) request;
       // 对request包装增强
       HttpServletRequest myrequest = new MyRequest(httpServletRequest);
       chain.doFilter(myrequest, response);
  }

   @Override
   public void init(FilterConfig filterConfig) throws ServletException {
  }

}

//自定义request对象,HttpServletRequest的包装类
class MyRequest extends HttpServletRequestWrapper {

   private HttpServletRequest request;
   //是否编码的标记
   private boolean hasEncode;
   //定义一个可以传入HttpServletRequest对象的构造函数,以便对其进行装饰
   public MyRequest(HttpServletRequest request) {
       super(request);// super必须写
       this.request = request;
  }

   // 对需要增强方法 进行覆盖
   @Override
   public Map getParameterMap() {
       // 先获得请求方式
       String method = request.getMethod();
       if (method.equalsIgnoreCase("post")) {
           // post请求
           try {
               // 处理post乱码
               request.setCharacterEncoding("utf-8");
               return request.getParameterMap();
          } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
               e.printStackTrace();
          }
      } else if (method.equalsIgnoreCase("get")) {
           // get请求
           Map<String, String[]> parameterMap = request.getParameterMap();
           if (!hasEncode) { // 确保get手动编码逻辑只运行一次
               for (String parameterName : parameterMap.keySet()) {
                   String[] values = parameterMap.get(parameterName);
                   if (values != null) {
                       for (int i = 0; i < values.length; i++) {
                           try {
                               // 处理get乱码
                               values[i] = new String(values[i]
                                      .getBytes("ISO-8859-1"), "utf-8");
                          } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
                               e.printStackTrace();
                          }
                      }
                  }
              }
               hasEncode = true;
          }
           return parameterMap;
      }
       return super.getParameterMap();
  }

   //取一个值
   @Override
   public String getParameter(String name) {
       Map<String, String[]> parameterMap = getParameterMap();
       String[] values = parameterMap.get(name);
       if (values == null) {
           return null;
      }
       return values[0]; // 取回参数的第一个值
  }

   //取所有值
   @Override
   public String[] getParameterValues(String name) {
       Map<String, String[]> parameterMap = getParameterMap();
       String[] values = parameterMap.get(name);
       return values;
  }
}

web.xml

<filter>
    <filter-name>encoding</filter-name>
    <filter-class>com.jam.filter.GenericEncodingFilter</filter-class>
</filter>
<filter-mapping>
    <filter-name>encoding</filter-name>
    <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
</filter-mapping>

4、Jackson

jar包

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
    <artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
    <version>2.11.0</version>
</dependency>

使用方法

import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonProcessingException;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import com.jam.pojo.User;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;

@Controller
public class UserController {

    @RequestMapping("/j1")
    @ResponseBody //它就不会走视图解析器,会直接返回一个字符串
    public String json1() throws JsonProcessingException {

        //jackson ObjectMapper
        ObjectMapper objectMapper = new ObjectMapper();

        //创建一个对象
        User user = new User("jam1", 18, "男");

        String str = objectMapper.writeValueAsString(user);

        return str;
    }

}

4.1、Jackson乱码问题

在springmvc文件中配置(我们这里是springmvc-servlet.xml)

<!--Jackson乱码问题配置-->
<mvc:annotation-driven>
   <mvc:message-converters register-defaults="true">
       <beanclass="org.springframework.http.converter.StringHttpMessageConverter">
           <constructor-arg value="UTF-8"/>
       </bean>
       <beanclass="org.springframework.http.converter.json.MappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter">
           <property name="objectMapper">
               <beanclass="org.springframework.http.converter.json.Jackson2ObjectMapperFactoryBean">
                   <property name="failOnEmptyBeans" value="false"/>
               </bean>
           </property>
       </bean>
   </mvc:message-converters>
</mvc:annotation-driven>

4.2、Jackson时间日期

@RequestMapping("/j3")
public String json2() throws JsonProcessingException {
    ObjectMapper objectMapper = new ObjectMapper();
    
    objectMapper.configure(SerializationFeature.WRITE_DATES_AS_TIMESTAMPS,false);
    
    //自定义日期格式
    SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss");

    Date date = new Date();
    
    return objectMapper.writeValueAsString(date);
    
}

4.3、封装JackUtils

工具类 JsonUtils.java

import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonProcessingException;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.SerializationFeature;

import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;

public class JsonUtils {

    public static String getJson(Object object){
        return getJson(object,"yyyy-HH-dd HH:mm:ss");
    }
    
    public static String getJson(Object object,String dateFormat){
        ObjectMapper objectMapper = new ObjectMapper();

        objectMapper.configure(SerializationFeature.WRITE_DATES_AS_TIMESTAMPS,false);
        //自定义日期格式
        SimpleDateFormat sdf = new SimpleDateFormat(dateFormat);
        objectMapper.setDateFormat(sdf);

        try {
            return objectMapper.writeValueAsString(object);
        } catch (JsonProcessingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    }

}

调用方法

public String json3(){
    Date date = new Date();
    // return JsonUtils.getJson(date);
    return JsonUtils.getJson(date,"yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss");
}

5、Fastjson

导包

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
    <artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
    <version>1.2.68</version>
</dependency>

使用方式:

//FastJson
@RequestMapping("/j3")
public String json3() throws JsonProcessingException {

    List<User> userList = new ArrayList<User>();
    User user1 = new User("jam1", 18, "男");
    User user2 = new User("jam2", 18, "男");
    User user3 = new User("jam3", 18, "男");
    userList.add(user1);
    userList.add(user2);
    userList.add(user3);

    String string = JSON.toJSONString(userList);
    return string;

}

具体方式:

         System.out.println("*******Java对象 转 JSON字符串*******");
       String str1 = JSON.toJSONString(userList);
       System.out.println("JSON.toJSONString(list)==>"+str1);
       String str2 = JSON.toJSONString(user1);
       System.out.println("JSON.toJSONString(user1)==>"+str2);

       System.out.println("\n****** JSON字符串 转 Java对象*******");
       User jp_user1=JSON.parseObject(str2,User.class);
       System.out.println("JSON.parseObject(str2,User.class)==>"+jp_user1);

       System.out.println("\n****** Java对象 转 JSON对象 ******");
       JSONObject jsonObject1 = (JSONObject) JSON.toJSON(user2);
       System.out.println("(JSONObject) JSON.toJSON(user2)==>"+jsonObject1.getString("name"));

       System.out.println("\n****** JSON对象 转 Java对象 ******");
       User to_java_user = JSON.toJavaObject(jsonObject1, User.class);
       System.out.println("JSON.toJavaObject(jsonObject1, User.class)==>"+to_java_user);

6、拦截器

想要自定义拦截器,必须实现 HandlerInterceptor 接口。

1、新建一个Moudule , springmvc-07-Interceptor , 添加web支持

2、配置web.xml 和 springmvc-servlet.xml 文件

3、编写一个拦截器

import org.springframework.web.servlet.HandlerInterceptor;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

public class MyInterceptor implements HandlerInterceptor {

   //在请求处理的方法之前执行
   //如果返回true执行下一个拦截器
   //如果返回false就不执行下一个拦截器
   public boolean preHandle(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Object o) throws Exception {
       System.out.println("------------处理前------------");
       return true;
  }

   //在请求处理方法执行之后执行
   public void postHandle(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Object o, ModelAndView modelAndView) throws Exception {
       System.out.println("------------处理后------------");
  }

   //在dispatcherServlet处理后执行,做清理工作.
   public void afterCompletion(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Object o, Exception e) throws Exception {
       System.out.println("------------清理------------");
  }
}

4、在springmvc的配置文件中配置拦截器

<!--关于拦截器的配置-->
<mvc:interceptors>
   <mvc:interceptor>
       <!--/** 包括路径及其子路径-->
       <!--/admin/* 拦截的是/admin/add等等这种 , /admin/add/user不会被拦截-->
       <!--/admin/** 拦截的是/admin/下的所有-->
       <mvc:mapping path="/**"/>
       <!--bean配置的就是拦截器-->
       <bean class="com.jam.interceptor.MyInterceptor"/>
   </mvc:interceptor>
</mvc:interceptors>

5、编写一个Controller,接收请求

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;

//测试拦截器的控制器
@Controller
public class InterceptorController {

   @RequestMapping("/interceptor")
   @ResponseBody
   public String testFunction() {
       System.out.println("控制器中的方法执行了");
       return "hello";
  }
}

6、前端 index.jsp

<a href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/interceptor">拦截器测试</a>

7、验证用户登录

1、编写一个登陆页面 login.jsp

<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>
<html>
<head>
   <title>Title</title>
</head>

<h1>登录页面</h1>
<hr>

<body>
<form action="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/user/login">
  用户名:<input type="text" name="username"> <br>
  密码:<input type="password" name="pwd"> <br>
   <input type="submit" value="提交">
</form>
</body>
</html>

2、编写一个Controller处理请求

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession;

@Controller
@RequestMapping("/user")
public class UserController {

   //跳转到登陆页面
   @RequestMapping("/jumplogin")
   public String jumpLogin() throws Exception {
       return "login";
  }

   //跳转到成功页面
   @RequestMapping("/jumpSuccess")
   public String jumpSuccess() throws Exception {
       return "success";
  }

   //登陆提交
   @RequestMapping("/login")
   public String login(HttpSession session, String username, String pwd) throwsException {
       // 向session记录用户身份信息
       System.out.println("接收前端==="+username);
       session.setAttribute("user", username);
       return "success";
  }

   //退出登陆
   @RequestMapping("logout")
   public String logout(HttpSession session) throws Exception {
       // session 过期
       session.invalidate();
       return "login";
  }
}

3、编写一个登陆成功的页面 success.jsp

<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>
<html>
<head>
   <title>Title</title>
</head>
<body>

<h1>登录成功页面</h1>
<hr>

${user}
<a href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/user/logout">注销</a>
</body>
</html>

4、在 index 页面上测试跳转!启动Tomcat 测试,未登录也可以进入主页!

<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>
<html>
 <head>
   <title>$Title$</title>
 </head>
 <body>
 <h1>首页</h1>
 <hr>
<%--登录--%>
 <a href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/user/jumplogin">登录</a>
 <a href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/user/jumpSuccess">成功页面</a>
 </body>
</html>

5、编写用户登录拦截器

import org.springframework.web.servlet.HandlerInterceptor;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession;
import java.io.IOException;

public class LoginInterceptor implements HandlerInterceptor {

   public boolean preHandle(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponseresponse, Object handler) throws ServletException, IOException {
       // 如果是登陆页面则放行
       System.out.println("uri: " + request.getRequestURI());
       if (request.getRequestURI().contains("login")) {
           return true;
      }

       HttpSession session = request.getSession();

       // 如果用户已登陆也放行
       if(session.getAttribute("user") != null) {
           return true;
      }

       // 用户没有登陆跳转到登陆页面
       request.getRequestDispatcher("/WEB-INF/jsp/login.jsp").forward(request,response);
       return false;
  }

   public void postHandle(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest,HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Object o, ModelAndView modelAndView)throws Exception {

  }
   
   public void afterCompletion(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest,HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Object o, Exception e) throws Exception {

  }
}

6、在Springmvc的配置文件中注册拦截器

<!--关于拦截器的配置-->
<mvc:interceptors>
   <mvc:interceptor>
       <mvc:mapping path="/**"/>
       <bean id="loginInterceptor" class="com.jam.interceptor.LoginInterceptor"/>
   </mvc:interceptor>
</mvc:interceptors>

7、再次重启Tomcat测试!

8、文件上传下载

8.1、准备工作

文件上传是项目开发中最常见的功能之一 ,springMVC 可以很好的支持文件上传,但是SpringMVC上下文中默认没有装配MultipartResolver,因此默认情况下其不能处理文件上传工作。如果想使用Spring的文件上传功能,则需要在上下文中配置MultipartResolver。

前端表单要求:为了能上传文件,必须将表单的method设置为POST,并将enctype设置为multipart/form-data。只有在这样的情况下,浏览器才会把用户选择的文件以二进制数据发送给服务器;

对表单中的 enctype 属性做个详细的说明:

  • application/x-www=form-urlencoded:默认方式,只处理表单域中的 value 属性值,采用这种编码方式的表单会将表单域中的值处理成 URL 编码方式。
  • multipart/form-data:这种编码方式会以二进制流的方式来处理表单数据,这种编码方式会把文件域指定文件的内容也封装到请求参数中,不会对字符编码。
  • text/plain:除了把空格转换为 "+" 号外,其他字符都不做编码处理,这种方式适用直接通过表单发送邮件。
<form action="" enctype="multipart/form-data" method="post">
   <input type="file" name="file"/>
   <input type="submit">
</form>

一旦设置了enctype为multipart/form-data,浏览器即会采用二进制流的方式来处理表单数据,而对于文件上传的处理则涉及在服务器端解析原始的HTTP响应。在2003年,Apache Software Foundation发布了开源的Commons FileUpload组件,其很快成为Servlet/JSP程序员上传文件的最佳选择。

  • Servlet3.0规范已经提供方法来处理文件上传,但这种上传需要在Servlet中完成。
  • 而Spring MVC则提供了更简单的封装。
  • Spring MVC为文件上传提供了直接的支持,这种支持是用即插即用的MultipartResolver实现的。
  • Spring MVC使用Apache Commons FileUpload技术实现了一个MultipartResolver实现类:
  • CommonsMultipartResolver。因此,SpringMVC的文件上传还需要依赖Apache Commons FileUpload的组件。

8.2、文件上传

1、导入文件上传的jar包,commons-fileupload , Maven会自动帮我们导入他的依赖包 commons-io包;

<!--文件上传-->
<dependency>
   <groupId>commons-fileupload</groupId>
   <artifactId>commons-fileupload</artifactId>
   <version>1.3.3</version>
</dependency>
<!--servlet-api导入高版本的-->
<dependency>
   <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
   <artifactId>javax.servlet-api</artifactId>
   <version>4.0.1</version>
</dependency>

2、配置bean:multipartResolver

注意!!!这个bena的id必须为:multipartResolver , 否则上传文件会报400的错误!在这里栽过坑,教训!

<!--文件上传配置-->
<bean id="multipartResolver" class="org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartResolver">
   <!-- 请求的编码格式,必须和jSP的pageEncoding属性一致,以便正确读取表单的内容,默认为ISO-8859-1 -->
   <property name="defaultEncoding" value="utf-8"/>
   <!-- 上传文件大小上限,单位为字节(10485760=10M) -->
   <property name="maxUploadSize" value="10485760"/>
   <property name="maxInMemorySize" value="40960"/>
</bean>

CommonsMultipartFile 的 常用方法:

  • String getOriginalFilename():获取上传文件的原名
  • InputStream getInputStream():获取文件流
  • void transferTo(File dest):将上传文件保存到一个目录文件中

我们去实际测试一下

3、编写前端页面

<form action="/upload" enctype="multipart/form-data" method="post">
 <input type="file" name="file"/>
 <input type="submit" value="upload">
</form>

4、Controller

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;
import org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartFile;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import java.io.*;

@Controller
public class FileController {
   //@RequestParam("file") 将name=file控件得到的文件封装成CommonsMultipartFile 对象
   //批量上传CommonsMultipartFile则为数组即可
   @RequestMapping("/upload")
   public String fileUpload(@RequestParam("file") CommonsMultipartFile file ,HttpServletRequest request) throws IOException {

       //获取文件名 : file.getOriginalFilename();
       String uploadFileName = file.getOriginalFilename();

       //如果文件名为空,直接回到首页!
       if ("".equals(uploadFileName)){
           return "redirect:/index.jsp";
      }
       System.out.println("上传文件名 : "+uploadFileName);

       //上传路径保存设置
       String path = request.getServletContext().getRealPath("/upload");
       //如果路径不存在,创建一个
       File realPath = new File(path);
       if (!realPath.exists()){
           realPath.mkdir();
      }
       System.out.println("上传文件保存地址:"+realPath);

       InputStream is = file.getInputStream(); //文件输入流
       OutputStream os = new FileOutputStream(new File(realPath,uploadFileName));//文件输出流

       //读取写出
       int len=0;
       byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
       while ((len=is.read(buffer))!=-1){
           os.write(buffer,0,len);
           os.flush();
      }
       os.close();
       is.close();
       return "redirect:/index.jsp";
  }
}

5、测试上传文件,OK!

采用file.Transto 来保存上传的文件

1、编写Controller

/*
* 采用file.Transto 来保存上传的文件
*/
@RequestMapping("/upload2")
public String  fileUpload2(@RequestParam("file") CommonsMultipartFile file,HttpServletRequest request) throws IOException {

   //上传路径保存设置
   String path = request.getServletContext().getRealPath("/upload");
   File realPath = new File(path);
   if (!realPath.exists()){
       realPath.mkdir();
  }
   //上传文件地址
   System.out.println("上传文件保存地址:"+realPath);

   //通过CommonsMultipartFile的方法直接写文件(注意这个时候)
   file.transferTo(new File(realPath +"/"+ file.getOriginalFilename()));

   return "redirect:/index.jsp";
}

2、前端表单提交地址修改

3、访问提交测试,OK!

8.3、文件下载

步骤:

1、设置 response 响应头

2、读取文件 -- InputStream

3、写出文件 -- OutputStream

4、执行操作

5、关闭流 (先开后关)

代码实现:

@RequestMapping(value="/download")
public String downloads(HttpServletResponse response ,HttpServletRequest request)throws Exception{
   //要下载的图片地址
   String  path = request.getServletContext().getRealPath("/upload");
   String  fileName = "基础语法.jpg";

   //1、设置response 响应头
   response.reset(); //设置页面不缓存,清空buffer
   response.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8"); //字符编码
   response.setContentType("multipart/form-data"); //二进制传输数据
   //设置响应头
   response.setHeader("Content-Disposition",
           "attachment;fileName="+URLEncoder.encode(fileName, "UTF-8"));

   File file = new File(path,fileName);
   //2、 读取文件--输入流
   InputStream input=new FileInputStream(file);
   //3、 写出文件--输出流
   OutputStream out = response.getOutputStream();

   byte[] buff =new byte[1024];
   int index=0;
   //4、执行 写出操作
   while((index= input.read(buff))!= -1){
       out.write(buff, 0, index);
       out.flush();
  }
   out.close();
   input.close();
   return null;
}

前端

<a href="/download">点击下载</a>

9、跨域问题

在Spring-mvc.xml中加入

<!--跨域访问-->
    <mvc:cors>
        <mvc:mapping path="/**" />
    </mvc:cors>
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