【2020-06-30】SpringMVC学习笔记Part-3

Jammm
2020-06-30 / 0 评论 / 608 阅读 / 正在检测是否收录...

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SpringMVC笔记


其他部分

第一部分:点击访问
第二部分:点击访问


11、SSM整合【项目实战】

11.1、环境:

  • IDEA
  • Mysql5.7
  • Tomcat9
  • Maven 3.6

11.2、数据库:

CREATE DATABASE `ssmbuild`;

USE `ssmbuild`;

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `books`;

CREATE TABLE `books` (
`bookID` INT(10) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT COMMENT '书id',
`bookName` VARCHAR(100) NOT NULL COMMENT '书名',
`bookCounts` INT(11) NOT NULL COMMENT '数量',
`detail` VARCHAR(200) NOT NULL COMMENT '描述',
KEY `bookID` (`bookID`)
) ENGINE=INNODB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

INSERT  INTO `books`(`bookID`,`bookName`,`bookCounts`,`detail`)VALUES 
(1,'Java',1,'从入门到放弃'),
(2,'MySQL',10,'从删库到跑路'),
(3,'Linux',5,'从进门到进牢');

11.3、pom依赖

<!--依赖-->

    <dependencies>
        <!--Junit-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>4.12</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--数据库驱动-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.47</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--数据库连接池-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.mchange</groupId>
            <artifactId>c3p0</artifactId>
            <version>0.9.5.5</version>
        </dependency>

        <!--Servlet JSP-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
            <artifactId>servlet-api</artifactId>
            <version>2.5</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax.servlet.jsp</groupId>
            <artifactId>jsp-api</artifactId>
            <version>2.2</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
            <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
            <version>1.2</version>
        </dependency>

        <!--MyBaits-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
            <version>3.5.2</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
            <version>2.0.5</version>
        </dependency>

        <!--Spring-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
            <version>5.2.6.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
            <version>5.2.6.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>

        <!--偷懒专用-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
            <version>1.18.10</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>


    <!--静态资源导出-->
    <build>
        <resources>
            <resource>
                <directory>src/main/java</directory>
                <includes>
                    <include>**/*.xml</include>
                    <include>**/*.properties</include>
                </includes>
            </resource>
            <resource>
                <directory>src/main/resources</directory>
                <includes>
                    <include>**/*.xml</include>
                    <include>**/*.properties</include>
                </includes>
            </resource>
        </resources>
    </build>

11.4、建立基本结构和配置框架

  • com.jam.pojo
  • com.jam.dao
  • com.jam.service
  • com.jam.controller
  • mybatis-config.xml

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
    <!DOCTYPE configuration
           PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
           "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
    <configuration>
    
    </configuration>
  • applicationContext.xml

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
          xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
          xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
           http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">
    
    </beans>

11.5、Mybatis层

1、数据库配置文件 db.properties

jdbc.driver=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/ssmbuild?useSSL=true&useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf8
jdbc.username=root
jdbc.password=1234

2、mybatis-config.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE configuration
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration>

    <typeAliases>
        <package name="com.jam.pojo"/>
    </typeAliases>

    <mappers>
        <mapper class="com.jam.dao.BookMapper"/>
    </mappers>

</configuration>

3、Books.java

使用lombok插件

import lombok.AllArgsConstructor;
import lombok.Data;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;

@Data
@AllArgsConstructor
@NoArgsConstructor
public class Books {

    private int bookID;
    private String bookName;
    private int bookCounts;
    private String detail;

}

4、Dao层 BookMapper.java

import com.jam.pojo.Books;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.Param;

import java.util.List;

public interface BookMapper {

    //增加
    int addBook(Books books);
    //删除
    int deleteBookById(@Param("bookId") int id);
    //更新
    int updateBook(Books books);
    //查询单个
    Books queryBookById(@Param("bookId") int id);
    //查询所有
    List<Books> queryAllBook();
}

5、BookMapper.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper
        PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
        "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="com.jam.dao.BookMapper">


    <insert id="addBook" parameterType="Books">
        insert into ssmbuild.books (bookName, bookCounts, detail)
        values (##{bookName},##{bookCounts},##{detail});
    </insert>

    <delete id="deleteBookById" parameterType="int">
        delete from ssmbuild.books where bookID = ##{bookId}
    </delete>

    <update id="updateBook" parameterType="Books">
        update ssmbuild.books
        set bookName = ##{bookName},bookCounts=##{bookCounts},detail=##{detail}
        where bookID = ##{bookID};
    </update>

    <select id="queryBookById" resultType="Books">
        select * from ssmbuild.books where bookID = ##{bookID};
    </select>

    <select id="queryAllBook" resultType=""
</mapper>

6、Service层 BookService.java

import com.jam.pojo.Books;

import java.util.List;

public interface BookService {

    //增加
    int addBook(Books books);
    //删除
    int deleteBookById(int id);
    //更新
    int updateBook(Books books);
    //查询单个
    Books queryBookById(int id);
    //查询所有
    List<Books> queryAllBook();

}

7、BookServiceImpl

import com.jam.dao.BookMapper;
import com.jam.pojo.Books;

import java.util.List;

public class BookServiceImpl implements BookService {

    //Service调用dao层 :组合Dao
    private BookMapper bookMapper;

    public void setBookMapper(BookMapper bookMapper) {
        this.bookMapper = bookMapper;
    }

    public int addBook(Books books) {
        return bookMapper.addBook(books);
    }

    public int deleteBookById(int id) {
        return bookMapper.deleteBookById(id);
    }

    public int updateBook(Books books) {
        return bookMapper.updateBook(books);
    }

    public Books queryBookById(int id) {
        return bookMapper.queryBookById(id);
    }

    public List<Books> queryAllBook() {
        return bookMapper.queryAllBook();
    }
}

11.6、Spring层

1、配置Spring整合MyBatis,我们这里数据源使用c3p0连接池;

2、编写Spring整合Mybatis的相关的配置文件;spring-dao.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
      xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
      xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
      xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
       https://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">

   <!-- 配置整合mybatis -->
   <!-- 1.关联数据库文件 -->
   <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:database.properties"/>

   <!-- 2.数据库连接池 -->
   <!--数据库连接池
       dbcp:半自动化,不能自动连接
       c3p0:自动化(自动加载配置文件,建议自动设置到对象中)
       druid:
       hikari:
   -->
   <bean id="dataSource" class="com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource">
       <!-- 配置连接池属性 -->
       <property name="driverClass" value="${jdbc.driver}"/>
       <property name="jdbcUrl" value="${jdbc.url}"/>
       <property name="user" value="${jdbc.username}"/>
       <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}"/>

       <!-- c3p0连接池的私有属性 -->
       <property name="maxPoolSize" value="30"/>
       <property name="minPoolSize" value="10"/>
       <!-- 关闭连接后不自动commit -->
       <property name="autoCommitOnClose" value="false"/>
       <!-- 获取连接超时时间 -->
       <property name="checkoutTimeout" value="10000"/>
       <!-- 当获取连接失败重试次数 -->
       <property name="acquireRetryAttempts" value="2"/>
   </bean>

   <!-- 3.配置SqlSessionFactory对象 -->
   <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
       <!-- 注入数据库连接池 -->
       <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
       <!-- 配置MyBaties全局配置文件:mybatis-config.xml -->
       <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:mybatis-config.xml"/>
   </bean>

   <!-- 4.配置扫描Dao接口包,动态实现Dao接口注入到spring容器中 -->
   <!--解释 :https://www.cnblogs.com/jpfss/p/7799806.html-->
   <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
       <!-- 注入sqlSessionFactory -->
       <property name="sqlSessionFactoryBeanName" value="sqlSessionFactory"/>
       <!-- 需要扫描Dao接口包 -->
       <property name="basePackage" value="com.jam.dao"/>
   </bean>

</beans>

11.7、Service层

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/context https://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">


    <!--扫描Service下的包-->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.jam.service"/>

    <!--将我们的所有业务类注入到Spring,可以通过配置或者注解实现-->
    <bean id="BookServiceImpl" class="com.jam.service.BookServiceImpl">
        <property name="bookMapper" ref="bookMapper"/>
    </bean>

    <!--声明式事务配置-->
    <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <!--注入数据源-->
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
    </bean>

    <!--aop事务支持-->

</beans>

11.8、SpringMVC层

1、web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_4_0.xsd"
         version="4.0">

    <!--DispatcherServlet-->
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>springmvc</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
            <param-value>classpath:applicationContext.xml</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    </servlet>
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>springmvc</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>

    <!--乱码过滤-->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>encoding</param-name>
            <param-value>utf-8</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>

    <!--Session-->
    <session-config>
        <session-timeout>15</session-timeout>
    </session-config>

</web-app>

2、spring-mvc.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
       https://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">

    <!--注解驱动-->
    <mvc:annotation-driven/>

    <!--静态资源过滤-->
    <mvc:default-servlet-handler/>

    <!--扫描包:controller-->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com.jam.controller"/>

    <!--视图解析器-->
    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/"/>
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"/>
    </bean>

</beans>

3、整和Spring配置文件 applicationContext.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">

    <import resource="classpath:spring-dao.xml"/>
    <import resource="classpath:spring-service.xml"/>
    <import resource="classpath:spring-mvc.xml"/>

</beans>

11.9、Controller和页面编写

BookController.java

import com.jam.pojo.Books;
import com.jam.service.BookService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Qualifier;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;

import java.util.List;

@Controller
@RequestMapping("/book")
public class BookController {

    //Controller调用service层
    @Autowired
    @Qualifier("BookServiceImpl")
    private BookService bookService;

    //查询全部的书籍,返回页面
    @RequestMapping("/allBook")
    public String list(Model model){

        List<Books> books = bookService.queryAllBook();

        model.addAttribute("list",books);

        return "allBook";


    }

    //转跳到添加书籍页面
    @RequestMapping("/toAddBook")
    public String toAddPage(){
        return "addBook";
    }

    //添加书籍
    @RequestMapping("/addBook")
    public String addBook(Books books) {
        System.out.println(books);
        bookService.addBook(books);
        return "redirect:/book/allBook";
    }

    //更新转跳
    @RequestMapping("/toUpdateBook")
    public String toUpdateBook(Model model, int id) {
        Books books = bookService.queryBookById(id);
        System.out.println(books);
        model.addAttribute("book",books );
        return "updateBook";
    }

    //更新
    @RequestMapping("/updateBook")
    public String updateBook(Model model, Books book) {
        System.out.println(book);
        bookService.updateBook(book);
        Books books = bookService.queryBookById(book.getBookID());
        model.addAttribute("books", books);
        return "redirect:/book/allBook";
    }

    //删除
    @RequestMapping("/del/{bookId}")
    public String deleteBook(@PathVariable("bookId") int id) {
        bookService.deleteBookById(id);
        return "redirect:/book/allBook";
    }


}

index.jsp

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8" pageEncoding="UTF-8" %>
<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
<head>
  <title>首页</title>
  <style type="text/css">
    a {
      text-decoration: none;
      color: black;
      font-size: 18px;
    }
    h3 {
      width: 180px;
      height: 38px;
      margin: 100px auto;
      text-align: center;
      line-height: 38px;
      background: deepskyblue;
      border-radius: 4px;
    }
  </style>
</head>
<body>

<h3>
  <a href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/allBook">点击进入列表页</a>
</h3>
</body>
</html>

allBook.jsp

<%@ taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %>
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>
<html>
<head>
    <title>书籍列表</title>
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <!-- 引入 Bootstrap -->
    <link href="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
</head>
<body>

<div class="container">

    <div class="row clearfix">
        <div class="col-md-12 column">
            <div class="page-header">
                <h1>
                    <small>书籍列表 —— 显示所有书籍</small>
                </h1>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>

    <div class="row">
        <div class="col-md-4 column">
            <a class="btn btn-primary" href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/toAddBook">新增</a>
        </div>
    </div>

    <div class="row clearfix">
        <div class="col-md-12 column">
            <table class="table table-hover table-striped">
                <thead>
                <tr>
                    <th>书籍编号</th>
                    <th>书籍名字</th>
                    <th>书籍数量</th>
                    <th>书籍详情</th>
                    <th>操作</th>
                </tr>
                </thead>

                <tbody>
                <c:forEach var="book" items="${requestScope.get('list')}">
                    <tr>
                        <td>${book.getBookID()}</td>
                        <td>${book.getBookName()}</td>
                        <td>${book.getBookCounts()}</td>
                        <td>${book.getDetail()}</td>
                        <td>
                            <a href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/toUpdateBook?id=${book.getBookID()}">更改</a> |
                            <a href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/del/${book.getBookID()}">删除</a>
                        </td>
                    </tr>
                </c:forEach>
                </tbody>
            </table>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

addBook.jsp

<%@ taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %>
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>

<html>
<head>
    <title>新增书籍</title>
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <!-- 引入 Bootstrap -->
    <link href="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
</head>
<body>
<div class="container">

    <div class="row clearfix">
        <div class="col-md-12 column">
            <div class="page-header">
                <h1>
                    <small>新增书籍</small>
                </h1>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
    <form action="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/addBook" method="post">
        书籍名称:<input type="text" name="bookName"><br><br><br>
        书籍数量:<input type="text" name="bookCounts"><br><br><br>
        书籍详情:<input type="text" name="detail"><br><br><br>
        <input type="submit" value="添加">
    </form>

</div>

updateBook.jsp

<%@ taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %>
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>
<html>
<head>
    <title>修改信息</title>
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <!-- 引入 Bootstrap -->
    <link href="https://cdn.bootcss.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">
</head>
<body>
<div class="container">

    <div class="row clearfix">
        <div class="col-md-12 column">
            <div class="page-header">
                <h1>
                    <small>修改信息</small>
                </h1>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>

    <form action="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/book/updateBook" method="post">
        <input type="hidden" name="bookID" value="${book.getBookID()}"/>
        书籍名称:<input type="text" name="bookName" value="${book.getBookName()}"/>
        书籍数量:<input type="text" name="bookCounts" value="${book.getBookCounts()}"/>
        书籍详情:<input type="text" name="detail" value="${book.getDetail() }"/>
        <input type="submit" value="提交"/>
    </form>

</div>

12、拦截器

12.1、概述

SpringMVC的处理器拦截器类似于Servlet开发中的过滤器Filter,用于对处理器进行预处理和后处理。开发者可以自己定义一些拦截器来实现特定的功能。

过滤器与拦截器的区别:拦截器是AOP思想的具体应用。

过滤器

  • servlet规范中的一部分,任何java web工程都可以使用
  • 在url-pattern中配置了/*之后,可以对所有要访问的资源进行拦截

拦截器

  • 拦截器是SpringMVC框架自己的,只有使用了SpringMVC框架的工程才能使用
  • 拦截器只会拦截访问的控制器方法, 如果访问的是jsp/html/css/image/js是不会进行拦截的

12.2、自定义拦截器

想要自定义拦截器,必须实现 HandlerInterceptor 接口。

1、新建一个Moudule , springmvc-07-Interceptor , 添加web支持

2、配置web.xml 和 springmvc-servlet.xml 文件

3、编写一个拦截器

import org.springframework.web.servlet.HandlerInterceptor;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

public class MyInterceptor implements HandlerInterceptor {

   //在请求处理的方法之前执行
   //如果返回true执行下一个拦截器
   //如果返回false就不执行下一个拦截器
   public boolean preHandle(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Object o) throws Exception {
       System.out.println("------------处理前------------");
       return true;
  }

   //在请求处理方法执行之后执行
   public void postHandle(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Object o, ModelAndView modelAndView) throws Exception {
       System.out.println("------------处理后------------");
  }

   //在dispatcherServlet处理后执行,做清理工作.
   public void afterCompletion(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Object o, Exception e) throws Exception {
       System.out.println("------------清理------------");
  }
}

4、在springmvc的配置文件中配置拦截器

<!--关于拦截器的配置-->
<mvc:interceptors>
   <mvc:interceptor>
       <!--/** 包括路径及其子路径-->
       <!--/admin/* 拦截的是/admin/add等等这种 , /admin/add/user不会被拦截-->
       <!--/admin/** 拦截的是/admin/下的所有-->
       <mvc:mapping path="/**"/>
       <!--bean配置的就是拦截器-->
       <bean class="com.jam.interceptor.MyInterceptor"/>
   </mvc:interceptor>
</mvc:interceptors>

5、编写一个Controller,接收请求

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;

//测试拦截器的控制器
@Controller
public class InterceptorController {

   @RequestMapping("/interceptor")
   @ResponseBody
   public String testFunction() {
       System.out.println("控制器中的方法执行了");
       return "hello";
  }
}

6、前端 index.jsp

<a href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/interceptor">拦截器测试</a>

13、验证用户是否登录 (认证用户)

13.1、实现思路

1、有一个登陆页面,需要写一个controller访问页面。

2、登陆页面有一提交表单的动作。需要在controller中处理。判断用户名密码是否正确。如果正确,向session中写入用户信息。返回登陆成功。

3、拦截用户请求,判断用户是否登陆。如果用户已经登陆。放行, 如果用户未登陆,跳转到登陆页面

13.2、代码

1、编写一个登陆页面 login.jsp

<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>
<html>
<head>
   <title>Title</title>
</head>

<h1>登录页面</h1>
<hr>

<body>
<form action="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/user/login">
  用户名:<input type="text" name="username"> <br>
  密码:<input type="password" name="pwd"> <br>
   <input type="submit" value="提交">
</form>
</body>
</html>

2、编写一个Controller处理请求

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession;

@Controller
@RequestMapping("/user")
public class UserController {

   //跳转到登陆页面
   @RequestMapping("/jumplogin")
   public String jumpLogin() throws Exception {
       return "login";
  }

   //跳转到成功页面
   @RequestMapping("/jumpSuccess")
   public String jumpSuccess() throws Exception {
       return "success";
  }

   //登陆提交
   @RequestMapping("/login")
   public String login(HttpSession session, String username, String pwd) throwsException {
       // 向session记录用户身份信息
       System.out.println("接收前端==="+username);
       session.setAttribute("user", username);
       return "success";
  }

   //退出登陆
   @RequestMapping("logout")
   public String logout(HttpSession session) throws Exception {
       // session 过期
       session.invalidate();
       return "login";
  }
}

3、编写一个登陆成功的页面 success.jsp

<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>
<html>
<head>
   <title>Title</title>
</head>
<body>

<h1>登录成功页面</h1>
<hr>

${user}
<a href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/user/logout">注销</a>
</body>
</html>

4、在 index 页面上测试跳转!启动Tomcat 测试,未登录也可以进入主页!

<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>
<html>
 <head>
   <title>$Title$</title>
 </head>
 <body>
 <h1>首页</h1>
 <hr>
<%--登录--%>
 <a href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/user/jumplogin">登录</a>
 <a href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/user/jumpSuccess">成功页面</a>
 </body>
</html>

5、编写用户登录拦截器

import org.springframework.web.servlet.HandlerInterceptor;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession;
import java.io.IOException;

public class LoginInterceptor implements HandlerInterceptor {

   public boolean preHandle(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponseresponse, Object handler) throws ServletException, IOException {
       // 如果是登陆页面则放行
       System.out.println("uri: " + request.getRequestURI());
       if (request.getRequestURI().contains("login")) {
           return true;
      }

       HttpSession session = request.getSession();

       // 如果用户已登陆也放行
       if(session.getAttribute("user") != null) {
           return true;
      }

       // 用户没有登陆跳转到登陆页面
       request.getRequestDispatcher("/WEB-INF/jsp/login.jsp").forward(request,response);
       return false;
  }

   public void postHandle(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest,HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Object o, ModelAndView modelAndView)throws Exception {

  }
   
   public void afterCompletion(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest,HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Object o, Exception e) throws Exception {

  }
}

6、在Springmvc的配置文件中注册拦截器

<!--关于拦截器的配置-->
<mvc:interceptors>
   <mvc:interceptor>
       <mvc:mapping path="/**"/>
       <bean id="loginInterceptor" class="com.jam.interceptor.LoginInterceptor"/>
   </mvc:interceptor>
</mvc:interceptors>

7、再次重启Tomcat测试!

14、文件上传下载

14.1、准备工作

文件上传是项目开发中最常见的功能之一 ,springMVC 可以很好的支持文件上传,但是SpringMVC上下文中默认没有装配MultipartResolver,因此默认情况下其不能处理文件上传工作。如果想使用Spring的文件上传功能,则需要在上下文中配置MultipartResolver。

前端表单要求:为了能上传文件,必须将表单的method设置为POST,并将enctype设置为multipart/form-data。只有在这样的情况下,浏览器才会把用户选择的文件以二进制数据发送给服务器;

对表单中的 enctype 属性做个详细的说明:

  • application/x-www=form-urlencoded:默认方式,只处理表单域中的 value 属性值,采用这种编码方式的表单会将表单域中的值处理成 URL 编码方式。
  • multipart/form-data:这种编码方式会以二进制流的方式来处理表单数据,这种编码方式会把文件域指定文件的内容也封装到请求参数中,不会对字符编码。
  • text/plain:除了把空格转换为 "+" 号外,其他字符都不做编码处理,这种方式适用直接通过表单发送邮件。
<form action="" enctype="multipart/form-data" method="post">
   <input type="file" name="file"/>
   <input type="submit">
</form>

一旦设置了enctype为multipart/form-data,浏览器即会采用二进制流的方式来处理表单数据,而对于文件上传的处理则涉及在服务器端解析原始的HTTP响应。在2003年,Apache Software Foundation发布了开源的Commons FileUpload组件,其很快成为Servlet/JSP程序员上传文件的最佳选择。

  • Servlet3.0规范已经提供方法来处理文件上传,但这种上传需要在Servlet中完成。
  • 而Spring MVC则提供了更简单的封装。
  • Spring MVC为文件上传提供了直接的支持,这种支持是用即插即用的MultipartResolver实现的。
  • Spring MVC使用Apache Commons FileUpload技术实现了一个MultipartResolver实现类:
  • CommonsMultipartResolver。因此,SpringMVC的文件上传还需要依赖Apache Commons FileUpload的组件。

14.2、文件上传

1、导入文件上传的jar包,commons-fileupload , Maven会自动帮我们导入他的依赖包 commons-io包;

<!--文件上传-->
<dependency>
   <groupId>commons-fileupload</groupId>
   <artifactId>commons-fileupload</artifactId>
   <version>1.3.3</version>
</dependency>
<!--servlet-api导入高版本的-->
<dependency>
   <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
   <artifactId>javax.servlet-api</artifactId>
   <version>4.0.1</version>
</dependency>

2、配置bean:multipartResolver

注意!!!这个bena的id必须为:multipartResolver , 否则上传文件会报400的错误!在这里栽过坑,教训!

<!--文件上传配置-->
<bean id="multipartResolver" class="org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartResolver">
   <!-- 请求的编码格式,必须和jSP的pageEncoding属性一致,以便正确读取表单的内容,默认为ISO-8859-1 -->
   <property name="defaultEncoding" value="utf-8"/>
   <!-- 上传文件大小上限,单位为字节(10485760=10M) -->
   <property name="maxUploadSize" value="10485760"/>
   <property name="maxInMemorySize" value="40960"/>
</bean>

CommonsMultipartFile 的 常用方法:

  • String getOriginalFilename():获取上传文件的原名
  • InputStream getInputStream():获取文件流
  • void transferTo(File dest):将上传文件保存到一个目录文件中

我们去实际测试一下

3、编写前端页面

<form action="/upload" enctype="multipart/form-data" method="post">
 <input type="file" name="file"/>
 <input type="submit" value="upload">
</form>

4、Controller

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;
import org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartFile;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import java.io.*;

@Controller
public class FileController {
   //@RequestParam("file") 将name=file控件得到的文件封装成CommonsMultipartFile 对象
   //批量上传CommonsMultipartFile则为数组即可
   @RequestMapping("/upload")
   public String fileUpload(@RequestParam("file") CommonsMultipartFile file ,HttpServletRequest request) throws IOException {

       //获取文件名 : file.getOriginalFilename();
       String uploadFileName = file.getOriginalFilename();

       //如果文件名为空,直接回到首页!
       if ("".equals(uploadFileName)){
           return "redirect:/index.jsp";
      }
       System.out.println("上传文件名 : "+uploadFileName);

       //上传路径保存设置
       String path = request.getServletContext().getRealPath("/upload");
       //如果路径不存在,创建一个
       File realPath = new File(path);
       if (!realPath.exists()){
           realPath.mkdir();
      }
       System.out.println("上传文件保存地址:"+realPath);

       InputStream is = file.getInputStream(); //文件输入流
       OutputStream os = new FileOutputStream(new File(realPath,uploadFileName));//文件输出流

       //读取写出
       int len=0;
       byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
       while ((len=is.read(buffer))!=-1){
           os.write(buffer,0,len);
           os.flush();
      }
       os.close();
       is.close();
       return "redirect:/index.jsp";
  }
}

5、测试上传文件,OK!

采用file.Transto 来保存上传的文件

1、编写Controller

/*
* 采用file.Transto 来保存上传的文件
*/
@RequestMapping("/upload2")
public String  fileUpload2(@RequestParam("file") CommonsMultipartFile file,HttpServletRequest request) throws IOException {

   //上传路径保存设置
   String path = request.getServletContext().getRealPath("/upload");
   File realPath = new File(path);
   if (!realPath.exists()){
       realPath.mkdir();
  }
   //上传文件地址
   System.out.println("上传文件保存地址:"+realPath);

   //通过CommonsMultipartFile的方法直接写文件(注意这个时候)
   file.transferTo(new File(realPath +"/"+ file.getOriginalFilename()));

   return "redirect:/index.jsp";
}

2、前端表单提交地址修改

3、访问提交测试,OK!

14.3、文件下载

步骤:

1、设置 response 响应头

2、读取文件 -- InputStream

3、写出文件 -- OutputStream

4、执行操作

5、关闭流 (先开后关)

代码实现:

@RequestMapping(value="/download")
public String downloads(HttpServletResponse response ,HttpServletRequest request)throws Exception{
   //要下载的图片地址
   String  path = request.getServletContext().getRealPath("/upload");
   String  fileName = "基础语法.jpg";

   //1、设置response 响应头
   response.reset(); //设置页面不缓存,清空buffer
   response.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8"); //字符编码
   response.setContentType("multipart/form-data"); //二进制传输数据
   //设置响应头
   response.setHeader("Content-Disposition",
           "attachment;fileName="+URLEncoder.encode(fileName, "UTF-8"));

   File file = new File(path,fileName);
   //2、 读取文件--输入流
   InputStream input=new FileInputStream(file);
   //3、 写出文件--输出流
   OutputStream out = response.getOutputStream();

   byte[] buff =new byte[1024];
   int index=0;
   //4、执行 写出操作
   while((index= input.read(buff))!= -1){
       out.write(buff, 0, index);
       out.flush();
  }
   out.close();
   input.close();
   return null;
}

前端

<a href="/download">点击下载</a>

完结

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